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IMPORTANT PASSOVER TIMES AND INFO - 2019

DE-CHAMETZ AND KOSHERIZE THE HOME:

 

DE-CHAMETZ THE HOME

The Mitzvah is: "Tashbitu Se'or miBateichem" (Exodus 12:15), "You shall remove Chametz, leavened bread [or similar products], from your homes". We fulfill this in several ways:

 

      (1) "Bedikat Chametz and Biur Chametz":

Physically cleaning and removing/burning of the leavened product from the home. Cleaning customarily is done in advance. An official cleaning/removal ceremony is conducted the night before Passover. (See "• THURSDAY, APRIL 18 • MITZVAH OF BEDIKAT CHAMETZ"  below.)

Bedikat chametz is done the night before Pesach immediately after nightfall. If it is too difficult to search the whole house on one night the search can be started earlier according to the laws of Bedikat Chametz. However, the blessing is only said on the night of the 14th of Nisan, this year, April 18th.

             A traditional "Burning of the Chametz" happens on the morning prior to Passover.        (See • "FRIDAY, APRIL 19: EREV YOMTOV: 12:09 LAST TIME TO BURN/ANNUL CHAMETZbelow.);

 

(2) "Bitul":

Nullifying the leavened substances - We declare these substances annulled,stating that these substances are meaningless to us, and thus surrendering all ownership. This "covers" us for anything overlooked from physical removal. This declaration is made after the "Bedikat Chametz ceremony, the night before Passover, as well as after the Burning of Chametz the following morning.  (See "• THURSDAY, APRIL 18 • MITZVAH OF BEDIKAT CHAMETZ" & "FRIDAY, APRIL 19: EREV YOMTOV: 12:09 LAST TIME TO BURN/ANNUL CHAMETZ" below.);

 

(3) "Mechirat Chametz":  • SALE OF CHAMETZ (CLICK BUTTON AT TOP OF HOME PAGE & ON NAVIGATION BAR)

Sale of Chametz to a non-Jew avoids ownership of Chametz on Passover while allowing  the possibility to re-purchase the Chametz from the Gentile after the Holiday. Care is taken to execute a legally binding and proper sale; customarily, the Gentile is approached shortly after the end of Passover and a re-purchase is legally executed at that time.

"SALE OF CHAMETZ" contract authorizes the Rabbi to act as one's agent to sell one's CHAMETZ before Passover. Sold items BELONG TO A GENTILE. These should be segregated and sealed off, to avoid accidental usage. Access must be provided to the Gentile should s/he request his/her items.

The Shul offers this contract in online or manual versions; (See "PASSOVER 2019 - Sale of Chametz Contract" button on navigation bar). 

 

• "KOSHERIZE" STOVE/OVEN/SINK • COVER SURFACES

To remove "Chametz" trace absorptions from...

Self-Cleaning Ovens: Run through a complete cycle, with racks in place.

Conventional Ovens: Clean well with an oven cleaner, allow 24 hrs without use, then run coils on highest temperature for 60 minutes each, with racks in place. (Preferably, if possible, run racks through a self-clean oven cycle.)

All Stovetops: Surface area between and around burners: Clean well, allow 24 hrs without use, and cover. 

Conventional Electric Stovetops, Drip Trays: If possible, run through a self-clean oven cycle. Otherwise, clean with oven cleaner, run coils as below for 10 minutes, with a wide pot or similar on the coils to spread heat adequately.

Conventional Electric Stovetops, Coils: Run red-hot for one minute.

Flat Glass Stovetop: Run red-hot for five minutes.  

Gas Stovetops, Grates: If possible, run through a self-clean oven cycle. Otherwise, run flame at max for 30 minutes, with a wide pot or similar on the grates to spread heat adequately.

Sinks, all: It is recommended to remove the drainer for Passover, as it is difficult to clean properly. Detach any filters or nozzles as well.

Sinks, Stainless Steel: Clean well, allow 24 hrs without use. Pour boiling water, with a direct flow from the kettle, over entire surface.

Sinks, Enamel/Ceramic: Allow 24 hrs without use, and cover or use insert/dishpan for Passover use.

Counters, shelves, racks that food is stored on: Clean and cover


KIMCHA D'PIS'CHA (CHARITY TO PROVIDE FOR PASSOVER NEEDS)

It is customary to provide Passover supplies for the needy at this time.

OPTION TO DONATE ONLINE AVAILABLE ON 'SALE OF CHAMETZ' PAGE- THE SHUL WILL DISTRIBUTE THE FUNDS

 

• THURSDAY, APRIL 18 • MITZVAH OF BEDIKAT CHAMETZ [AND BITUL CHAMETZ]    

            8:50 PM: EARLIEST TIME FOR THE MITZVAH OF BEDIKAT (SEARCH FOR) CHAMETZ                To fulfill the Mitzvah of cleansing our homes from Chametz, we use a candle (or flashlihght) to search areas in the home that host Chametz year-round. The custom is to place 10 pieces of Chametz throughout​​​  these areas, as many homes are already clean.  Any Chametz that is found is swept with a feather onto a wooden spoon, and put away carefully for burning the next morning.

A Bracha is recited before beginning the search:

This declaration of Bitul, annulment, of Chametz is recited at the end of the search:

 

 

• FRIDAY, APRIL 19: YOMTOV

FAST OF THE FIRSTBORN

This fast commemorates the salvation of Jewish firstborn, who were not afflicted by the "Plague of the Firstborn" in Egypt. The custom is to attend Services in the morning, and partake of a "Siyum Celebration", over the completion of a Book of Talmud, etc., and thus one is exempted from this fast.

11:01 AM: DEADLINE FOR EATING/SELLING CHAMETZ

12:09 PM: DEADLINE FOR BURNING/ANNULLING CHAMETZ

We burn the Chametz collected at last night's Search, and any other Chametz not being sold and stored away. After the burning, we make a final declaration of annulment, in case there's anything we missed:

"כָּל חַמִירָא וְחַמִיעָא דְאִיכָּא בִּרְשוּתִי, דְחַזִיתֵּיה וּדְלֹא חַזִיתֵּיה, דְבִעַרְתֵּיה וּדְלֹא בִעַרְתֵּיה, לִבָטֵיל וְלֶהֶוֵי הֶפְקֵר כְּעַפְרָא דְאַרְעָא"

 "All chametz or leaven in my possession that I have seen and that I have not seen, that I have destroyed and that I have not destroyed, shall be nullified and become ownerless, like the dust of the earth". 

 

FRIDAY NIGHT, APRIL 19: EREV YOMTOV

7:48 PM: 1ST NIGHT CANDLE LIGHTING

(Light an additional 24-hr candle and use it to light candles on the following night) 

8:52 PM: EARLIEST TIME TO BEGIN THE SEDER

 

• SATURDAY, APRIL 20 • FIRST DAY

8:53 PM: EARLIEST TIME FOR 2ND NIGHT CANDLELIGHTING

8:53 PM: EARLIEST TIME FOR PREP FOR 2ND SEDER

8:53 PM: EARLIEST TIME TO BEGIN THE SEDER

Include Havdallah in Kiddush, as shown in Hagada

 

• SUNDAY, APRIL 21 • SECOND DAY • OMER DAY 1 

8:55 PM: HAVDALAH CEREMONY

(BRACHA OF HAGAFEN AND HAM​​​​​​​AVDIL ONLY; NO FLAME OR CLOVES)

 

• THURSDAY, APRIL 25 • EREV YOMTOV • OMER DAY 5

ERUV TAVSHILIN

Set aside a Matzah and a cooked item to be eaten on Shabbat, April 27th, and say:

 בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יהוה אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם אֲשֶר קִדְשָנוּ בּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָנוּ עַל מִצְוַת עֵירוּב

Baruch ata Ado-noi Elo-heinu melech ha-olam, Asher kid-shanu bi-mitzvo-tav, Vi-tzee-vanu al mitzvat eiruv.

Blessed are You, the Lord our God, King of the universe, Who sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us in the mitzvah of eiruv.

 

We then recite:

בְּדֵין יְהֵא שָרֵי לָן לְאַפוּיֵי וּלְבַשוּלֵי וּלְאַטְמוּנֵי וּלְאַדְלוּקֵי שְרָגָא וּלְמֶעֶבַד כָּל צְרָכָנָא מִיוֹם טוֹב לְשַבָּת.

By means of these eiruv foods, we will be permitted to bake, cook, keep foods warm, light candles, carry, and do all that we need on Yom Tov for Shabbat.

 

THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 25: EREV YOMTOV

7:55 PM: 7TH NIGHT CANDLE LIGHTING

(Light an additional 24 hr candle and use it to light candles on the following night) 

 

• FRIDAY, APRIL 26 • 7TH DAY• OMER DAY 6
7:56 PM: 8TH NIGHT CANDLE LIGHTING

 

SHABBAT, APRIL 27 • LAST DAY • OMER DAY 7

YIZKOR


  1. 9:03 PM: FULL HAVDALAH CEREMONY
    11:00 PM: CHAMETZ IS REPURCHASED

.

Tue, April 23 2019 18 Nisan 5779