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Laws and Customs of the Nine Days

LAWS AND CUSTOMS OF THE NINE DAYS
 
• REDUCING SIMCHA
 The Talmud states that when the month of Av arrives (this year, on Thursday evening, August 1, at sunset), one should reduce one's engagement in Simcha. It is a time of mourning for Klal Yisrael over the destruction of the Temple.
 - One does not build new construction or paint one's home except if absolutely necessary.
 - Court proceedings with a non-Jew should ideally be pushed off until the month of Elul (this year, Sunday, September 1), or at least until after Tisha b'Av (Sunday, August 11).
 
• REDUCING PLEASURE
 1. Bathing
One is prohibited to bathe or shower for pleasure in the Nine Days. Presumably, there is a component of hygiene as well as a component of pleasure in our bathing today. Thus one may bathe in a way that is necessary for hygiene only, i.e. a short shower or bath, with water that is only as hot as necessary for hygienic purposes.
 - Erev Shabbat, one may bathe as one usually does, in honour of Shabbat.
 

2. Fresh Clothing
One is prohibited to wear or use freshly laundered (or dry-cleaned) garments or linens, such as towels sheets, and tablecloths.The custom is to wear clothing for a few minutes before the start of the Nine Days, enough to remove the special freshness of putting on these clothes. Freshly laundered garments worn for the purpose of absorbing sweat, such as socks and undergarments, are permitted. Similarly, it is prohibited to launder clothing in the Nine Days, as well.
 - Minors are not included in the prohibition. Even those who have reached the age of mourning for the Temple (9 and up) tend to dirty their clothing moreso than adults, and the Sages thus exempted them from this prohibition.
 - In honour of Shabbat, it is permitted to wear freshly laundered or dry-cleaned garments.
 - If one did not have a chance to put on their freshly-laundered garments before the onset of the Nine Days, one may do so on Shabbat.
 
3. New Clothing
One is prohibited from purchasing or having new garments made during the Nine Days. Similarly, one may not wear new garments, as well.
 
4. Meat and wine
One is prohibited from partaking of meat and wine during the Nine Days, with the exception of participation in a Se'udat Mitzvah, such as a Bris or Siyum. 
 - Shabbat:
One may eat meat and drink wine at all three Se'udot (meals) on Shabbat. One does not need to stop at sunset. One may continue until one davens Maariv after Shabbat ends.
 - At Havdala, if one usually uses wine or grape juice, one may do so in the Nine Days as well. If there is a minor between the ages of six and nine, one gives the wine to them to drink. Otherwise, one may drink it oneself.
 
• DAY AFTER TISHA B'AV
Although usually the restrictions of the Nine Days are extended through mid-day of the 10th of Av, this year is an exception. Because the fast is pushed off from the 9th of Av (Shabbat) to the 10th (Sunday), the laws of mourning end at the end of the fast. However, eating meat, drinking wine, and listening to music is still avoided until the next morning.

Sun, October 13 2019 14 Tishrei 5780